Undergraduate Studies
Undergraduate Studies
Undergraduate
Studies
Biology

Biology

Biology-related professions are almost as vast and varied as the organisms that biologists study. For some students, a biology degree is a step toward realizing their dream of medical school. Other students pursue careers as researchers, environmental scientists, forensic scientists, and microbiologists to name a few.

Overview

At Eastern Nazarene College, our aim is to provide students with the best possible understanding of the field of biology. From marine biology to bioinformatics, students have the opportunity to expand their knowledge in the classroom, the lab, and the field. 

Students learn from experienced faculty who are leading research in their field while remaining committed to their main focus, the success of students. At Eastern Nazarene College, students have the advantage of working in modern labs with cutting-edge equipment. As a capstone to an academically rigorous curriculum, students also take part in undergraduate research projects to broaden their understanding of biology and hone their skills. 

Graduates of Eastern Nazarene College’s biology program have conducted research at Harvard Medical School, Dana Farber Cancer Center, Woods Hole National Labs and more. Eastern Nazarene biology students also work on research internationally in Belize, Guatemala, New Zealand, Hawaii, Galapagos, and others. Earning a biology degree at Eastern Nazarene College affords students the opportunity to follow their passion in the STEM field and integrate that knowledge with their beliefs and values. 

Biology Department Objectives 

  • To provide the opportunity for the student to become familiar with the principal phenomena of life and to foster the continuous development of understanding and proficiency in the biological sciences. 
  • To provide training in molecular, cellular, organismal, and population biology and to assist the student in the application of the knowledge acquired in collateral preparation in chemistry, mathematics, and physics to biology. 
  • To encourage an understanding and appreciation of inquiry and its practice as the “process” underlying the logic of biology and its ancillary sciences; to help the student learn the major methods and skills involved, including evaluation and relevance. 
  • To provide the training and technical background for the students having biology prerequisites for professional preparation. 
  • To prepare the student for graduate study in science: the health professions, and /or careers in biology, including teaching, technology, public service, and research. 

Career Paths

Students participate in internships and research at top hospitals, universities, research facilities, and firms including Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Blue Hills Rehabilitation, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Children’s Hospital Boston, Columbia University. CVS, Genzyme, Harvard Vanguard, Idaho Fish and Game, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Massachusetts Audubon Society, Mass General Hospital, Museum of Science Boston, New England Aquarium, Peace Corps, Quest Diagnostics, Schepens Eye Institute, South Shore Natural Science Center, Tufts Medical Center, and Wolf Education Research Center, among others.

For the past 10 years, more than 80% of students who applied to graduate or professional schools were accepted. Graduates have attended schools such as Albany Medical College, University of South Alabama, University of Massachusetts-Dartmouth, Boston University, MGH Institute of Health Professions, Drexel University, University of New England, Suffolk University, Temple University School of Medicine, University of Massachusetts Boston, College of Staten Island, James Cook University Medical School, Georgia Tech, Northeastern University, Emory University, Indiana University, University of Pittsburgh, University of New Hampshire, University of Maryland, Merrimack College, and the University of Vermont.

 

Biology Focus Areas and Options

Each degree requires a varying number of credits for each area.
Students choose courses from the lists below to fulfill the credit requirements.  

Focus Area I: Cell and Molecular
(choose 1 course with lab), minimum grade C-  

BI212 Genetics 3 BI213 Genetics Lab 3 BI220 Forensic Science 3 BI220L Forensic Science Lab 2 BI231 Analytical Methods 3 BI231L Analytical Methods Lab 2 BI310 Bioinformatics 3 BI310L Bioinformatics Lab 2 BI393 Cell Biology 3 BI394 Cell Biology and Immunology Lab 3 BI395 Immunology 3 BI431 Current Topics in Biology 3 BI491 Biochemistry Lab 3 BI492 Biochemistry I 3 BI493 Biochemistry II 3  

Focus Area II: Field and Ecology
(choose 1 course with lab), minimum grade C-  

BI221 Invertebrate Zoology 3 BI221L Invertebrate Zoology Lab 2 BI275 Freshwater Biology 3 BI280 Marine Biology 3 BI285L Aquatic Biology Lab 3 BI343 Field Problems In Ecology and Anthropology 3 BI343L Field Problems Ecology and Anthropology Lab 2 BI431 Current Topics in Biology 3 BI431L Current Topics in Biology Lab 3 BI480 Conservation Biology 3 BI480L Conservation Biology Lab 3 EV201 Environmental Science 3 EV201L Environmental Science Lab 1 EV331 Topics in Environmental Science 3 EV331L Topics in Environmental Science Lab 3  

Focus Area III: Organismal
(choose 1 course with lab), minimum grade C-  

BI203 Musculoskeletal Anatomy and Physiology 3 BI203L Musculoskeletal Anatomy and Physiology Lab 2 BI204 Systemic Anatomy and Physiology 3 BI204L Systemic Anatomy and Physiology Lab 2 BI260 General Botany 3 BI260L General Botany Lab 2 BI352 Microbiology 3 BI352L Microbiology Lab 2 BI370 Comparative Anatomy and Embryology 3 BI370L Comparative Anatomy and Embryology Lab 2 BI431 Current Topics in Biology 3 BI431L Current Topics in Biology Lab 3 BI451 Physiology 3 BI451L Physiology Lab 2   

Biology (BS) Course Requirements

The Bachelor of Science is the appropriate degree for those students desiring to pursue graduate study in biology or preparation in the health professions. Students are required to:  

  • Fulfill all General Degree requirements – see above  
  • Fulfill all General Education requirements – see page 9, 37 credits  
  • Fulfill all Biology (BS) Major requirements– see below  
  • Biology or Environmental Science, additional electives 200 Above – at least one course 400 level with lab, 9 credits  

Biology (BS) Core, minimum grade C-, 19 credits  

BI103/BI103L Introduction to Cell Biology w/Lab 4 BI104/BI104L Introduction to Ecology and Diversity w/Lab 4 BI105/BI105L Introduction to Plants and Animals w/Lab 4 BI290 Biology Seminar 1 1 BI390 Biology Seminar 2 2 BI490 Biology Seminar 3 1 BI499 Senior Research 3  

Biology Focus Area Electives, minimum one class with lab from each area  

See lists above  

Focus Area I: Cell and Molecular w/Lab
Focus Area II: Field and Ecology
Focus Area III: Organismal  

Cognates (all required), minimum grade C-  

CH103/CH103L General Chemistry I w/Lab 4 CH104/CH104L General Chemistry II w/Lab 4 CH321/CH321L Organic Chemistry I w/Lab 6 CH322/CH322L Organic Chemistry II w/Lab 5  

MA151 Calculus I 4 PY201/PY201L General Physics I w/Lab 5 PY202/PY202L General Physics II w/Lab 5  

Choose Math or Chemistry Cognate
MA118 Introduction to Statistics OR 3 CH231/CH231L Analytical Chemistry w/Lab 5  

Internship Requirement, minimum grade S  

Choose BI288/BI388/BI488 Internship  

Biology (BA & Minor) Course Requirements

BIOLOGY (BA) REQUIREMENTS  

The Bachelor of Arts is appropriate for the student preparing for a career in the allied health sciences, secondary education, laboratory technician or similar eld 

Students are required to:  

  • Fulfill all General Degree requirements – see above  
  • Fulfill all General Education requirements – see page 9, 37 credits  
  • Fulfill all Biology (BA) Major requirements – see below  

Biology Requirements, minimum grade C-, 15 credits  

BI103 Introduction to Cell Biology and Genetics 3 BI103L Introduction to Cell Biology and Genetics Lab 1 BI104 Introduction to Ecology and Diversity 3 BI104L Introduction to Ecology and Diversity Lab 1 BI105 Introduction to Plants and Animals 3 BI105L Introduction to Plants and Animals Lab 1 BI290 Biology Seminar 1 1 BI390 Biology Seminar 2 2  

Chemistry (choose sequence 1 or sequence 2), minimum grade C-, 8 credits  

Chemistry Sequence 1  

CH101 Introduction to Chemistry 3 CH101L Introduction to Chemistry Lab 1 CH102 Chemistry of Life 3 CH102L Chemistry of Life Lab 1  

Chemistry Sequence 2  

CH103 General Chemistry I 3 CH103L General Chemistry I Lab 1 CH104 General Chemistry II 3 CH104L General Chemistry II Lab 1  

Biology Focus Area Electives, minimum one class with lab from each area  

Focus Area I – see above Focus Area II – see above Focus Area III – see above  

Biology Electives (required), minimum grade C-, 13 credits  

See lists above  

Choose at least one Biology course 300 or above, with lab  

Cognate Requirement  

MA118 Introduction to Statistics  

Internship Requirement, minimum grade S  

Choose BI288/BI388/BI488 Internship  

BIOLOGY MINOR, minimum grade C-, minimum 15 credits  

BI103/BI103L Introduction to Cell Biology and Genetics w/Lab 4 BI104/BI104L Introduction to Ecology and Diversity w/Lab 4 BI105/BI105L Plants and Animals w/Lab 4 plus any Biology course 200 level or above with the lab  

Biology Course Descriptions

BI103 Introduction to Cell Biology and Genetics (3 cr.) Covers principles of cell biology and genetics. Emphasizes topics such as prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell structure and function, respiration and fermentation, photosynthesis, mitosis and meiosis, patterns of inheritance, DNA synthesis and repair, transpiration and translation, and control of prokaryotic and eukaryotic gene expression. Prerequisites: Math SAT 500 (Math ACT 19) AND high school Algebra II C- AND high school Biology C- OR MA111 College Algebra C- AND BI101 Principles of Biology C- OR permission of Biology program chair. Co-requisite: BI103L.  

BI103L Introduction to Cell Biology and Genetics Lab (1 cr.) Lab for BI103.  

BI104 Introduction to Ecology and Diversity (3 cr.) Covers principles of ecology and evolution. Emphasizes topics such as the phylogenic diversity of life, basic evolutionary patterns and processes, biodiversity and conservation, population ecology, species and community interactions, animal behavior, and ecosystems. Prerequisites: Math SAT 500 (Math ACT 19) AND high school Algebra II C- AND high school Biology C- OR MA111 College Algebra C- AND BI101 Principles of Biology C- OR permission of Biology program chair. Co-requisite: BI104L.  

BI104L Introduction to Ecology and Diversity Lab (1 cr.) Lab for BI104.  

BI105 Introduction to Plants and Animals (3 cr.) Covers principles of organismal biology. Emphasizes topics such as plant form and function, plant nutrition, plant reproduction and defense systems, animal form and function, gas exchange and circulation, sensory systems and movement, chemical signals and immune response, and reproduction. Prerequisites: Math SAT 500 (Math ACT 19) AND high school Algebra II C- AND high school biology C- OR MA111 College Algebra C- AND BI101 Principles of Biology C- OR permission of Biology program chair. Co-requisite: BI105L.  

BI105L Introduction to Plants and Animals Lab (1 cr.) Lab for BI105.  

BI110/CH110 Introduction to Nutrition for Non-Majors (3 cr.) Introduces the science of nutrition; designed for the non-science major. Topics considered in the classroom and
the laboratory include: making healthy food choices, using nutrition standards and guidelines, the chemical composition of food, how food is digested and absorbed, vitamins and minerals, weight control, eating disorders, tness, world hunger, food safety, and nutrition throughout the life cycle. Objectives include: 1) to introduce the chemical basis of nutrition, how food is digested, absorbed, metabolized, and excreted; 2) to apply theoretical knowledge to changing life circumstances due to aging, disease, or the social environment; and 3) to give a broad overview of current issues in nutrition to help students develop an awareness of nutritional issues and problems. Co-requisite: BI110L.  

BI110L/CH110L Introduction to Nutrition Lab for Non-Majors (1 cr.) Lab for BI110.  

BI203 Musculoskeletal Anatomy and Physiology (3 cr.) A system approach to the gross anatomy and physiology of the skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems of the human body. Prerequisite: BI101 or BI105. Co-requisite: BI203L.  

BI203L Musculoskeletal Anatomy and Physiology Lab (2 cr.) Lab for BI203.  

BI204 Systemic Anatomy and Physiology (3 cr.) Studies the gross structure and homeostatic mechanisms of the human cardiovascular, endocrine, immune, digestive, urinary, reproductive, and respiratory systems. Prerequisites: BI101 or BI105. Co-requisite: BI204L.  

BI204L Systemic Anatomy and Physiology Lab (2 cr.) Lab for BI204.  

BI210 Earth Science (3 cr.) Studies the materials and processes that interact at the earth’s surface to produce the various geomorphologic structures. Includes discussion of physical and historical geology, meteorology, oceanography, and astronomy. Supplements lecture and theory by laboratory and eldwork. Does not meet requirements for a major in Biology. Co-requisite: BI210L. Offered alternate years.  

BI210L Earth Science Lab (2 cr.) Lab for BI210.  

BI212 Genetics (3 cr.) Studies the principles of inheritance, structure, and function
of hereditary informational molecules, the dynamic frequency of these genes in the population, and the application of genetic principles to biological problems. Laboratory and lecture material is selected from plant, animal (including human), and microbial studies. Prerequisites: BI103, and CH102 or CH103.  

BI213 Genetics Lab (3 cr.) A laboratory course with project based experiments. Multiple genetic models will be used, such as D. melanogaster, C. elegans, S. cerevisiae and E. coli. Pre/Co-requisite: BI212.  

BI220/FS220 Forensic Science (3 cr.) Introduces the forensic sciences, which includes topics such as forensic photography, rearms and toll mark identi cation, examination of questioned documents, hair and ber analysis, serology, instrumental analysis, forensic pathology, and forensic anthropology. Cross-listed with FS220. Prerequisites: BI101 or BI105 and (CH102 or CH103). Co-requisite: BI220L/FS220L.  

BI220L/FS220L Forensic Science Lab (2 cr.) Lab for BI220/FS220.  

BI221 Invertebrate Zoology (3 cr.) Comparative studies of the anatomy, physiology, ecology, and phylogenic relationships of representative invertebrates, with emphasis on ecology, pathology and economic importance to humans. Examines phyla as diverse as the heterotrophic protistans to the invertebrate chordates. Prerequisite: BI104. Co-requisite: BI221L. Offered alternate years.  

BI221L Invertebrate Zoology (2 cr.) Lab for BI221.
BI230 Oceanography (3 cr.) Studies the chemical and physical relationships, emphasizing  

their effects on the biota of the oceans. Prerequisite: BI104. Offered alternate years.  

BI231/CH231 Analytical Methods (3 cr.) Studies the theoretical foundation and skills necessary for the solution of problems encountered in the area of quantitative chemical analysis, including classical and modern methods. Gives emphasis to experimental
design, statistics, evaluation and presentation of data, sampling, equilibrium dynamics
of analytically important reactions, volumetric techniques, absorption and emission spectroscopy methods, electrochemical methods, and analytical and biological separations. Prerequisite: CH104. Co-requisite: BI231L. Cross- Listed as CH231.  

BI241 Nutrition For Majors (3 cr.) Introduces the theoretical chemical basis of nutrition, how food is digested, absorbed, utilized, and excreted, with a brief overview of differing nutritional states according to age categories and disease states; prepares the student to recognize nutritionally-related disorders in the clinical setting. Prerequisites: BI105 and (CH102 or CH104). Offered alternate years.  

BI250 Marine Biology and Oceanography Lab (3 cr.) Studies various marine ecosystems accessible in the New England area. Pre/Co-requisite: BI230 or BI280.  

BI260 General Botany (3 cr.) Gives Biology major an overview of the kingdoms Monera, photosynthetic Protista, Fungi, and Plantae, with strongest emphasis on the plants. Besides the phylogenic survey of these kingdoms, the course covers the molecular basis of photosynthesis and respiration, the morphology of the various divisions, and their economic signi cance. Prerequisites: BI105 and CH101 or CH103. Co-requisite: BI260L. Offered alternate years.  

BI260L General Botany Lab (2 cr.) Lab for BI260.
BI275 Freshwater Biology (3 cr.) A comprehensive examination of the biology and ecology of watersheds, lakes, ponds, streams, vernal pools, and wetlands.  

BI280 Marine Biology (3 cr.) Introduces marine ecology, stressing a biotic-biotic relationship. The immediate goal is familiarization with marine biology along the New England coast. Open to biology teachers and advanced majors. Prerequisite: BI104. Offered alternate years.  

BI285L Aquatic Biology Lab (3 cr.) Engages students in eld and laboratory methods for the observation, collection, identi cation, and analysis of New England’s freshwater, estuarine, and marine populations and communities. Meets lab requirements for both BI275 Freshwater Biology and BI280 Marine Biology.  

BI290 Biology Seminar 1 (1 cr.) Begins the process of teaching students how to use the scienti c method to design experiments and develop an independent research project. The course includes various modes of scienti c communication including written and oral presentations. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing and two of the following courses (BI103, BI104, BI105)  

BI298 CO-OP (0 cr.) Inquire for options.  

BI310 Bioinformatics (3 cr.) Introduces bioinformatics: the combined eld of biology, information science, and technology. Focuses on the analysis of proteins, genes, and genomes. Prerequisite: BI103 (BI212 recommended but not required). Co-requisite: BI310L.  

BI310L Bioinformatics Lab (2 cr.) Lab for BI310. Includes hands-on use of computer applications to study and compare proteins, genes, and genomes.  

BI343/BI343L Field Problems in Ecology (4 cr.) Studies a specialized ecological area or problem. May be selected from a wide range of marine or terrestrial ecological zones. Prerequisites: BI104 and (CH102 or CH103). Co-requisite: BI343L. Options offered are Field Problems in Ecology, Trip Natural History Scotland, Field Problems in Ecology w/Lab, Trip Natural History Belize.  

BI350/CH350 Advanced Chemistry Lab (3 cr.) The rst of a project oriented, two-semester laboratory program that integrates various methods and techniques. Includes basic electronics, electrochemistry, various forms of spectroscopy and chromatography, advanced synthetic techniques, and other topics. Prerequisite: CH322. Cross-listed with CH350.  

BI351/CH351 Advanced Chemistry Lab (3 cr.) The second of a project oriented, two- semester laboratory program that integrates various methods and techniques. Includes writing a research proposal based on a comprehensive literature search and experimental design for the senior project, which is completed in the senior research course. Prerequisite: CH322. Cross-listed with CH351.  

BI352 Microbiology (3 cr.) Includes a historical survey, the pure culture methods of study, and the general morphology and physiology of bacteria and other microorganisms. Develops skills in solving for unknown microbes in conjunction with Bergey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology. Prerequisites: BI103 or BI105 and (CH101 or CH103). Co-requisite: BI352L.  

BI352L Microbiology Lab (2 cr.) Lab for BI352.  

BI370 Comparative Anatomy and Embryology (3 cr.) Comparative study of the development and adult gross anatomy of representative vertebrates. Initial lectures
are concerned with early vertebrate morphogenesis, followed by a correlation of the vertebrates with taxonomy, chronology, homology, and paleontology. Prerequisite: BI105. Co-requisite: BI370L. Offered alternate years.  

BI370L Comparative Anatomy and Embryology Lab (2 cr.) Lab for BI370.  

BI390 Biology Seminar 2 (2 cr.) Teaches critical analysis of primary journal articles and seminars. Other topics include career planning and social and ethical problems in Biology. Prerequisites: BI103, BI104, BI105, BI290, and Junior standing.  

BI393 Cell Biology (3 cr.) Studies the molecular basis of cell structure and function, including a discussion of the current techniques used in the eld. Prerequisite: BI103.  

BI394 Cell Biology and Immunology Lab (3 cr.) Emphasizes the practical application of a variety of biotechnological techniques, such as western blot, cell culture, immunoelectrophoriesis, and in situ hybridization. Pre/Co-requisite: BI393 or BI395.  

BI395 Immunology (3 cr.) Provides the Biology major with a working knowledge of the immune system, including production of immunoglobulins, B and T cell interactions, and macrophage functions. Uses current research literature extensively. Prerequisite: BI103. Offered alternate years.  

BI431/BI431L Current Topics in Biology (6 cr.) Studies current topics of interest to the faculty and students. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. Offered alternate years.  

BI451/BI451L Physiology w/Lab (5 cr.) Studies the universal principles involved in functional processes of cells and multi-cellular organisms. Basic phenomena such as cell organization, conversions of energy and matter in the cell, excitation, transport, membrane function, and contraction receive attention. Discusses major physiological systems of higher organisms. Prerequisites: BI105 and (CH102 or CH321), and BI370 recommended.  

BI480 Conservation Biology (3 cr.) Emphasizes the application of ecological principles to the conservation of biodiversity. Examines the major threats to biodiversity, including human exploitation of species, habitat loss, invasive species, pollution, and global climate change, as well as the methods used to monitor and resolve these concerns. Employs case studies as a tool for discussing current issues in conservation biology. Prerequisite: BI104.  

BI480L Conservation Biology Lab (3 cr.) Introduces students to the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) for resolving conservation problems, as well as the statistical models used for population analysis. Students take eld trips to learn from those who are engaged in conservation biology at a practical level. Lab for BI480. Co-requisite: BI480.  

BI488 Internship: Biology (cr. var) Internship opportunities in biology arranged by the Biology Department.  

BI490 Biology Seminar 3 (1 cr.) Teaches critical analysis of primary journal articles and seminars. Requires an extensive research project and presentation before the Division of Natural Sciences and Mathematics. Other topics include career planning and social and ethical problems in modern biology. Required of all majors. Prerequisites: BI390 and Senior standing.  

BI491/CH491 Biochemistry Lab (3 cr.) Covers biochemical methods such as column chromatography, enzyme kinetics, peptide mapping, western blotting, and recombinant DNA technology. Pre/Co-requisite: BI492 or BI493. Cross-listed with CH491.  

BI492/CH492 Biochemistry w/Lab (3 cr.) Introduces general principles of biochemistry with special emphasis on cellular anabolic and catabolic pathways. Particular attention is given to proteins, lipids, and carbohydrates and their role in living systems. Prerequisite: BI103. Pre/Co-requisite: CH322. Cross-listed as CH492.  

BI493/CH493 Biochemistry II (3 cr.) Studies nucleic acids and DNA in depth. Focuses on the structure and function of DNA at the biochemical and genetic level. Topics also include control of prokaryotic and eukaryotic gene expression. Prerequisite: BI103. Pre/ Co-requisite: CH322. Cross-listed as CH493.  

BI499 Independent Study/Research (cr. var) Includes individual work under staff supervision for well-quali ed upperclassmen. A written report with an oral summary and review before two or more faculty members is required. Total credit hours for two semesters should not exceed the maximum allowed for ful lling degree requirements. Prerequisite: An outline of the proposed work, consent of the staff member who is to supervise, and approval by the program chair.  

Program Type

Major, Minor

Degree

B.S., B.A.

Area of Study

Science

Contact Us

Matthew Waterman

Professor of Biology

617-745-3551

Matthew.Waterman@enc.edu

Shrader Hall

Why students love Biology

Portrait
As a biology major, I am encouraged to embrace academic challenges in my classes and labs so I will be well prepared for the challenges I will face in medical school and the medical profession.”

Eva Montrond, '21
Hometown: Dorchester, Massachusetts

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